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d)母乳喂養須知: 2019-08-30 85585
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1)掌握正確的喂奶時間

i.分娩(mian)后30 min盡可能給寶(bao)(bao)(bao)寶(bao)(bao)(bao)喂(wei)奶,新生(sheng)兒與媽(ma)媽(ma)同室同床,以便不定(ding)(ding)時,不定(ding)(ding)量的(de)按需哺乳(ru),使(shi)寶(bao)(bao)(bao)寶(bao)(bao)(bao)得到最(zui)珍貴的(de)初乳(ru),應該(gai)是每當寶(bao)(bao)(bao)寶(bao)(bao)(bao)啼哭(ku)或(huo)覺得該(gai)喂(wei)奶了就(jiu)抱起喂(wei)母乳(ru),寶(bao)(bao)(bao)寶(bao)(bao)(bao)能吃多少(shao)就(jiu)吃多少(shao),這樣可使(shi)媽(ma)媽(ma)體內的(de)催乳(ru)素分泌增(zeng)加。

ii.如(ru)果媽媽身(shen)體虛弱或傷口(kou)疼痛,可以(yi)采用側(ce)臥位(wei)喂奶,但日后不宜躺著給寶(bao)(bao)寶(bao)(bao)喂奶,否則會影(ying)響寶(bao)(bao)寶(bao)(bao)下頜發育,引起面部畸形。

2)掌(zhang)握(wo)正確(que)的喂奶技巧

i.在喂(wei)奶(nai)的(de)(de)過程中,讓寶寶充分含(han)住乳(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)頭和(he)乳(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)暈(yun)的(de)(de)大部(bu)分,在每次喂(wei)乳(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)時應讓寶寶吸空一(yi)(yi)側(ce)乳(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)房后再(zai)吸另一(yi)(yi)側(ce)乳(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)房,要擠空剩余(yu)乳(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)汁(zhi),并(bing)堅持(chi)夜間喂(wei)乳(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru),這些均可(ke)使(shi)母(mu)乳(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)分泌增(zeng)多。在母(mu)嬰(ying)皮膚(fu)接(jie)(jie)觸的(de)(de)同時開(kai)始吸吮母(mu)親乳(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)頭,并(bing)輕柔按摩(mo)乳(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)房,促進泌乳(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)。取(qu)母(mu)子皆舒(shu)適的(de)(de)臥位或坐位,嬰(ying)兒(er)的(de)(de)下頜緊貼(tie)母(mu)親乳(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)房,產婦手(shou)應呈(cheng)C型(xing),將乳(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)房托起(qi)當(dang)引(yin)起(qi)嬰(ying)兒(er)吃奶(nai)欲望含(han)接(jie)(jie)乳(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)頭時,應將整個(ge)乳(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)頭及大部(bu)分乳(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)暈(yun)含(han)入嬰(ying)兒(er)口中。吸吮時,嬰(ying)兒(er)的(de)(de)嘴唇應呈(cheng)魚唇樣厥起(qi),以(yi)利排乳(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)。

ii.預防(fang)嬰兒(er)吐奶和(he)嗆(qiang)噎(ye),即喂(wei)奶后,最(zui)好(hao)輕(qing)拍嬰兒(er)背(bei)部,幫助(zhu)(zhu)嬰兒(er)排出(chu)吸人胃部的氣體,喂(wei)哺后應將嬰兒(er)側臥位。通過護士(shi)的iE確指導和(he)協(xie)助(zhu)(zhu),采用正確的喂(wei)養(yang)方(fang)式,促(cu)進母(mu)親(qin)乳汁分泌,提(ti)高母(mu)乳喂(wei)養(yang)成功率。